ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Hong Kong’s hospital authority said 45 people between the ages of 18 and 64 were injured in the attack, including one man who was in a critical condition and three in a serious condition. In a statement early on Monday, police "strongly … To be sure, the PLA does maintain a Hong Kong garrison of roughly 6,000 to 10,000 soldiers that might also be mobilized to respond. “China once again urges the U.S. side to immediately stop meddling in Hong Kong affairs, stop interfering in China’s internal affairs," an official said. “The armed police force is … Hong Kong Cops Beat and Blind Protesters As PRC Sends Trucks and Tanks to the Border Nine people were injured during the weekend's protests in Hong Kong… As a component of China's armed forces and subordinate to the State Council, the People's Armed Police Force (PAPF) is under the dual leadership of the State Council and the CMC. While Beijing could elect to deploy PLA forces into Hong Kong, sending in the People’s Armed Police would make more sense: The core mission of the People’s Armed Police centers on domestic stability (another mission is assisting the PLA by maintaining order and guarding key facilities in wartime). “The armed police force is part of the People’s Republic of China’s armed forces, and comes under the national law. This problem was illuminated tragically by the March 2008 protests in Lhasa, Tibet that led to rioting. I would appreciate if the developer can address this before their release in August and make SDU what it is and not the Chinese People's Armed Police. - A Hong Kong police officer shot at masked protesters - … Aside from its limited numbers, a downside is that sending in active duty troops could create a more provocative escalation than sending in the “law enforcement” personnel of the People’s Armed Police. The often violent street protests erupted over a now scrapped extradition bill that could have sent people to mainland China for trial, but they later broadened into wider calls for democracy. While some observers have speculated that the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) could take the lead, it is more likely that China would deploy the PLA’s paramilitary cousin, the People’s Armed Police. With these risks in mind, a Chinese intervention would probably be the last resort after all other options — relying on local authorities, waging public and clandestine media campaigns from Beijing, and saber-rattling from across the border — have been exhausted. Neither To nor the foreign diplomats saw any sign yet that the PAP has taken enforcement measures in Hong Kong, or deployed from its bases in other than observation roles. Some local governments have asked residents living with elderly or ill people to don masks even when they are at home to protect them Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga reiterated that there was no need to call a national state of emergency, even as healthcare authorities declared their own state of emergency for the medical system as COVID-19 infection rates continue to rise. Nevertheless, the People’s Armed Police’s mixed track record raises questions about whether deadly force can be averted in Hong Kong. "The People's Armed Police assembling in Shenzhen has sent a clear warning to the Hong Kong rioters." Final decision will be at the discretion of the Taipei Times. Biserova moved to Cairo more than four years ago and has built, Most people who head to Woosung Street in Hong Kong’s old-school neighborhood of Jordan are visiting its popular restaurants serving everything from curries to seafood. Riot police turned downtown Hong Kong into a tear-gas-filled battlefield, pushing back against demonstrators opposing a bill that would allow extradition to mainland China. Responding to questions from Reuters, the Chinese Ministry of National Defense said that the PAP was not stationed in Hong Kong, while a Hong Kong police spokesman said they “stress that there is no such visit or observation by any members of the mainland law enforcement agencies.”. Beijing's hope would be to … SHENZHEN, China — Members of China’s paramilitary People’s Armed Police marched and practiced crowd control tactics at a sports complex in Shenzhen across from Hong Kong on Friday, in … Ahmen Khan, founder of a sports foundation on the same street, said that he was inspired, COUNTERMEASURES: In addition to the People’s Armed Police, the People’s Liberation Army has a garrison of five thousand troops stationed in Hong Kong. Instead of listening to their grievances and finding a democratic solution, the Hong Kong government deployed tear gas and made mass arrests, including of peaceful demonstrators, while Beijing reportedly dispatched its People’s Armed Police into Hong Kong, contrary to its promises under the Basic Law and the Sino-British Joint Declaration. Of course, Hong Kong people would suffer if … On Jan. 1, 2018, as part of a major restructuring of the Chinese armed forces carried out under Xi Jinping, the People’s Armed Police was placed under the sole command of the Central Military Commission. Police officers cordon off an area where pro-democracy protesters were shots by a policeman in Hong Kong on November 11, 2019. One is that depending on the circumstances, deploying the People’s Armed Police could be construed as a major escalation of tensions, even if the decision is justifiable as a law enforcement action. For instance, in 2011 People’s Armed Police units were deployed to respond to a crisis in the village of Wukan, where residents had revolted against the local government due to rampant corruption. “We need to show the results of our coronavirus countermeasures,” Suga said during an interview on national television late on Monday. This combat focus has influenced how PLA units are organized, trained, and equipped, with a strong focus on advanced weapons that have little applicability in domestic unrest situations, and combat-realistic training tied to specific scenarios such as an amphibious assault on Taiwan. Comments will be moderated. The PAPF consists of the internal security force and various police forces. Moreover, both Deng and his successor, Jiang Zemin, used the People’s Armed Police as a repository for ex-PLA units and personnel. “Here, there is a growing trend to invite foreign belly dancers to weddings, nightclubs and other events,” she added. Police in Hong Kong have arrested two men and are searching for a third after the group stole about 600 toilet paper rolls, in a robbery likely sparked by … Despite the PLA’s role in the 1989 Tiananmen protests, growing People’s Armed Police capabilities have allowed the PLA to shift more of its attention to regional warfighting and deterrence missions. For Hong Kong activists now in exile, a year of dissent and despair has left emotional wounds they will carry for years. It was established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844. Ted is among some 200 Hong Kong people thought to … When the Tiananmen crisis erupted in 1989, it was incapable of responding and active PLA troops had to be deployed. Instead, the People's Armed Police is composed of echelons corresponding to all government levels, from the Provincial (including Autonomous Regions or Municipalities directly under the central government) to the Township levels; the territorial organisation is that of the PAP Internal Guard Corps (Chinese: 内卫部队; pinyin: Nèiwèi Bùduì). Members of China's People's Armed Police practise in Shenzhen, near the border with Hong Kong However, on this point, they were also frank. China already stands accused of sending in thugs from local gangs to try to deter the protesters in Hong Kong, and there are growing concerns that it … Mobile rapid-response units are found in all the provinces and major cities. Hong Kong. People's Armed Police already in HK: diplomats. A video of the shooting has been circulating on social media, although YouTube Inc removed it because of violent content. Formed in 1982, the PAP was used to suppress insurrection and riots in restive mainland regions, such as Xinjiang and Tibet. China’s State Council Information Office and the Central Government’s Hong Kong Liaison Office did not respond to requests for comments. These “mobile contingents” also command counter-terrorist, helicopter, and transportation/engineering units. The PAPF consists of the internal security force and various police forces. The PAP units are concentrated within PLA bases at the former British military forts at Stonecutters Island and Stanley on southern Hong Kong island — both shielded from public view, the diplomatic sources said. “I’m aware that Hong Kong police officers have taken Chinese security forces to the front during protests, apparently in an observation role,” Hong Kong Legislator James To (涂謹申) said. While they have subsided during the health scare, many people expect the protests to resume before legislative elections in September. These units are part of larger Internal Security Force “contingents” roughly the size of a small army corps. However, they believe any such deployment remains unlikely, given Hong Kong’s large and well-equipped police force, and the likely international impact of any such move. Use of the People’s Armed Police would thus operate in a similar way to China’s use of lightly-armed Coast Guard and maritime militia forces to enforce sovereignty claims — both are ways to control escalation. The force’s mobile capabilities, which can be deployed to areas beyond where they are stationed, have proliferated. Seventeen people were arrested on Wednesday in Hong Kong… The border public security, firefighting and security guard forces are also components of the PAPF. Sunday witnesses pro-police demonstration after weeks of anti-extradition law protests in the region controlled by China Officially, the Army is not allowed to leave the garrison; however, Hong Kong’s constitution allows them to do so under unique situations. Sorry for the digression but what I am trying to say is that being misidentified is not something pleasant for us Hong Kong people, let alone the factual accuracy. He further added that the deployment of tear gas and the mass arrests and the dispatching of the People’s Armed Police into Hong Kong, all … On Monday afternoon, Chinese state-owned English tabloid the Global Times tweeted a video showing the People’s Armed Police assembling in … The People's Armed Police Force. China’s state-run Global Times also postulated that the “People’s Armed Police” are congregating near Hong Kong for “large-scale exercises” and claimed “the main guns of the APCs appear to have been removed from their turrets.” Joel is a research fellow at the Center of the Study for Chinese Military Affairs at National Defense University, as well as an adjunct professor at NDU and Georgetown University. On Wednesday, CNN teams on the ground in the mainland Chinese city of Shenzhen saw uniformed members of the People's Armed Police Force (PAP) with … Hong Kong police took PAP officers to monitor the protesters and their tactics as part of a wider effort by the paramilitary force to deepen its understanding of the Hong Kong situation, they said. That is their role, so I think they are going to be in Hong Kong for some time yet,” Neill said. He is the author of China’s Other Army: The People’s Armed Police in an Era of Reform (NDU, 2019). Unlike the more combat-oriented PLA, the People’s Armed Police focuses on social stability missions. It is worth noting that even the highly trained Hong Kong Police have drawn guns in recent days. Singapore-based military analyst Alexander Neill said the deployment of the PAP force to Hong Kong was a sign Beijing sees protests in the territory as a vital issue of domestic security. Others might be headed for a lone refrigerator, painted blue, with a sign that reads: “Give what you can give, take what you need to take.” As a component of China's armed forces and subordinate to the State Council, the People's Armed Police Force (PAPF) is under the dual leadership of the State Council and the CMC. Isolated incidents are most likely to occur when the men and women of the People’s Armed Police feel cornered and fear for their own safety. The Chinese Communist Party has maintained a paramilitary outfit since the 1920s, but the modern People’s Armed Police took shape under Deng Xiaoping in the early 1980s. Some 13 people were injured after the clashes in Hong Kong island, one seriously, the authority said. To said he had reason to believe the Chinese forces included members of locally based PAP units. However, the diplomats said that taken together with the numbers of PLA troops that also expanded last year, the estimated 12,000-strong force marks the largest ever Chinese security deployment in Hong Kong. The People’s Armed Police ran running exercises and drills, while armored vehicles arrived at Shenzhen Bay Sports Center, across the border from Hong Kong, … Hong Kong police took PAP officers to monitor the protesters and their tactics as part of a wider effort by the paramilitary force to deepen its understanding of the Hong Kong situation, they said. Diplomatic envoys and security analysts said they are closely watching the PAP in Hong Kong, because they believe it, rather than the army, would spearhead any crackdown should the CCP leadership in Beijing choose to intervene in future protests. The People's Armed Police is role-playing possible confrontations inside the Shenzhen Bay Sports Complex across the bay from Hong Kong. The People's Armed Police is not subordinated to the local government authorities. The increasing mobile capabilities of the People’s Armed Police have been buoyed by more advanced weapons and equipment, such as Z-11WB multi-role light utility helicopters, armored personnel carriers, assault rifles, sniper rifles, and special operations detachments. Emergency Unit, Police Tactical Unit, and Traffic Police have identification markings on the back of the car (no motorcycles of Traffic Police), for example, PTUD 1/3. Internal security forces have been mobilized on numerous occasions since the 1990s, including in several widely reported incidents in Guangdong province, across the border from Hong Kong. Hong Kong protesters use bows and FLAMING ARROWS in clashes with police as spiralling violence in city centre enters third day. Suga’s, The Philippine government yesterday said it would prosecute a police officer over the deaths of a mother and son, after a video of the point-blank shooting went viral in social media, prompting renewed calls against police violence and extrajudicial killings. Even a single incident could overshadow evidence of professionalism and restraint by the People’s Armed Police. Organisers say 1.7 million people turned out at Sunday's pro-democracy protest in Hong Kong, amid increasingly severe warnings by Beijing. Lawrence Li (李耀新), a spokesman for the Hong Kong Security Bureau, said that outside law enforcement agencies, including from the mainland, did not have the authority to enforce laws within the territory. Another risk is that, while an intervention would be tightly stage-managed by Beijing, there is no guarantee that deaths and serious injuries to protesters would be avoided. Previously, the People’s Armed Police had been under a “dual leadership” system in which it reported both to the commission and to the state council’s Ministry of Public Security. In Hong Kong, people has been under threat by Beijing that they would use force, be it the army or the armed police. Senior Master Sergeant Jonel Nuezca is facing double murder charges over the death of Sonya Gregorio and her son, Frank Anthony, who were Nuezca’s neighbors in Tarlac Province, a police report said, adding that he has surrendered to authorities. Any such units would have to be sent from the mainland and would likely be centrally managed from the force’s headquarters in Beijing, with Xi and other top elites paying close attention to the situation. The experience in Lhasa indicated that additional changes were necessary, but they were slow in coming. PLA ground forces do have some experience dealing with hostile crowds, especially in U.N. peacekeeping missions in places like Mali and South Sudan, but this expertise is more the exception than the rule. Concerns about the widespread use of force in Hong Kong by the People’s Armed Police, however, are overblown. China’s Paramilitary Police Could Crush Hong Kong The People’s Armed Police, not the army itself, is the sharp edge of daily repression on the mainland. Such incidents have not only marred China’s international image, but have also raised questions about training and professionalism. The People's Armed Police Force ... Hong Kong police have made at least 10 official arrests under the controversial new security law since it kicked in at 23:00 local time on 30 June. They discuss the history of China’s People’s Armed Police and what part the force might play in the expanding conflict. Copyright © 1999-2020 The Taipei Times. As Dean Cheng noted during protests in 2014, Beijing would be wary of images of “tanks…rolling through downtown Hong Kong,” and fearing a repeat of the Tiananmen crisis, would likely use “alternative means to quell civil disobedience.” The People’s Armed Police, which has specialized training and practical experience in non-lethal riot control, would be an ideal go-to force. COPYRIGHT © 2019 WAR ON THE ROCKS. This piece reflects only his views and not those of NDU, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. government. Remarks containing abusive and obscene language, personal attacks of any kind or promotion will be removed and the user banned. Over a two-week period, local police and People’s Armed Police units lost control of the situation, restored order through the use of deadly force, and had to be augmented by PLA troops for transportation and other support. Time and time again, many Hong Kongers have been drawn out not because of a devotion to greater causes, but because they want to protect their young from police brutality. An intervention would also reduce whatever little support for reunification remains in Taiwan and could set the stage for Democratic Progressive Party leader Tsai Ing-wen to win re-election in January 2020. Hong Kong police arrested at least 360 people during day-long protests and skirmishes across the city, as residents railed against controversial legislation aimed at … SHENZHEN, China/HONG KONG (Reuters) - Hundreds of China’s People’s Armed Police conducted exercises at a sports stadium in Shenzhen on Thursday, as … The mainland’s armed police force is ready to help if Hong Kong police cannot control protesters, according to a signed commentary in the Global Times. (Even in mainland China, Xi has recently restricted the ability of local governments to call on People’s Armed Police units, which reflects the need to more carefully manage incidents.). The diplomat, who requested anonymity and declined to be quoted due to sensitivity over commenting on security matters, also said that PAP officers accompanied police to the front lines. A members of People's Armed Police Force (PAP) walk by vehicles gathered in Shenzhen today. Joel is a research fellow at the Center of the Study for Chinese Military Affairs at National Defense University, as well as an adjunct professor at NDU and Georgetown University. This would seriously undermine China’s current narrative, putting the onus for the crisis on radical protesters. First, the military would probably wait to see if the presence of the People's Armed Police on Hong Kong streets would be enough to deter the protesters. “I think the police and government should make clear what has been going on to ensure ‘one country, two systems’ is being respected,” To said, adding that he believed the PAP presence would remain in the territory for the foreseeable future. When lethal force has been used in the past, it’s often been the result of overzealous local officials who lose sight of the big-picture implications of killing civilians. Furthermore, in 2018, two large “mobile contingents,” one based in multiple provinces in northern China and one based in the south, were created, replacing the 14 former PLA divisions. But they are the same nature. Most visibly, the China Coast Guard was assigned to the People’s Armed Police, and its former economic production and law enforcement units were transferred to civilian ministries or local governments. Officers from China’s top internal security force — the People’s Armed Police (PAP) — joined Hong Kong police on the front lines to observe anti-government protests that peaked last year, a senior foreign diplomat and an opposition politician said. Some local legal experts and politicians fear the presence of the PAP — which has been devoted to internal security in mainland China — breaches the laws that protect Hong Kong’s autonomy under Chinese rule. In this episode, Jude welcomes Joel Wuthnow. Tag: People’s Armed Police ‘Come clean’: Democrat demands answers after report says Chinese security forces were at Hong Kong protests . For the Indian paramilitary forces, see Central Armed Police Forces. The size of the force has stayed relatively static in recent months, the sources added. Pro-democracy protests have not spread to the mainland, let alone to Beijing, although evidence that the crisis is expanding beyond Hong Kong could be a rationale for intervention. “The main reason to move the armed police directly under the CMC is to put all China’s military power in Xi’s hands,” said Hong Kong-based China watcher Johnny Lau Yui-siu. These transfers contributed to the modernization and streamlining of the PLA, but they also meant that the paramilitary forces were bloated and poorly focused. The People's Armed Police. People's Daily A massive convoy of armored vehicles, trucks, and other vehicles belonging to China's paramilitary People's Armed Police, or PAP, … SHENZHEN, China/HONG KONG (Reuters) - Hundreds of China’s People’s Armed Police conducted exercises at a sports stadium in Shenzhen on Thursday, as … However, this is irrelevant to Hong Kong, since the special administrative region does not have resident People’s Armed Police units. The People's Armed Police have been assembling in Shenzhen, a city bordering Hong Kong, in advance of apparent large-scale exercises, videos obtained by the Global Times have shown. In this episode, Jude welcomes Joel Wuthnow. (That crisis was resolved only after higher-level officials brokered a deal between the parties.) She swirled her diaphanous pink shawl and glided through the hall as a band pumped out music, while the crowd broke into rapturous applause — all captured in a video posted online. China has deployed large numbers of paramilitary personnel close to the border with Hong Kong, in what observers say is intended to send a message to protesters in the Asian financial hub. The People’s Armed Police, after all, is a constituent part of China’s armed forces (alongside active and reserve PLA units and the militia), and its personnel use equipment and wear uniforms that can be hard to distinguish from their PLA counterparts. For example, Beijing has four, while Xinjiang has five. Those risks create a high bar for an intervention, even if it is led by paramilitary troops. Hong Kong protests: Last British governor warns ‘people will be killed’ after mask ban sparks night of violence. A massive convoy of armored vehicles, trucks, and other vehicles belonging to China's paramilitary People's Armed Police, or PAP, has assembled … They are also supported by a budget that has grown every year. Police put the figure much lower at … Reuters say diplomats are convinced that Beijing has sent paramilitary police officers into Hong Kong. The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967. However, the diplomat and three other foreign envoys estimated that the Chinese government had ramped up the PAP’s presence in Hong Kong to as many as 4,000 personnel — far more than previously known estimates. In its early years, the force was in a poor state of readiness and modernization. Although many see Cairo as the birthplace of belly dancing, authorities in the country have in the past few years started targeting performers At a Cairo wedding hall, Russian belly dancer Anastasia Biserova shimmied to the dance floor in a bright, high-slit skirt and an elaborately sequined bra top. The force itself also underwent significant structural reform. The door of the fridge sitting outside a hockey academy opens to reveal it is stuffed with packets of instant noodles, biscuits, tins of food, and even socks and towels for anyone who might need them. While Beijing and Hong Kong authorities have been relatively open about the low-key role of the PLA in the territory, they have never confirmed the presence of the PAP. They discuss the history of China’s People’s Armed Police and what part the force might play in the expanding conflict. Suga said the head of the government’s expert panel on the COVID-19 pandemic had told him “we’re not there yet” with regards to calling a state of emergency. On Aug. 12, a state council spokesman warned that the protests were showing “signs of terrorism” and “must be resolutely combated according to law, with no hesitation or mercy.” Videos of Chinese troops parading and conducting anti-riot exercises across the border in Shenzhen have also circulated online, underscoring Beijing’s seriousness and raising the specter of a military intervention. Their assessments were based on intense scrutiny of the security forces’ response to the pro-democracy protests, which began in June last year, but have ebbed this year amid the ongoing COVID-19 crisis. All rights reserved. “I’ll spearhead the effort with a mindset to do everything that must be done.” The People's Armed Police Force. A senior Hong Kong police officer asked at a briefing on Thursday whether the PAP could be deployed in Hong Kong said: “I can’t envisage it. Using the People’s Armed Police to clamp down on Hong Kong protesters would, however, incur some risks for Beijing. A detachment of the Chinese People's Armed Police responsible for the security of Tiananmen Square and the Forbidden City marches on to the square in Beijing on November 23, 2009. The rapidly modernized PAP is the mainland’s core paramilitary and anti-riot force, and operates separately from China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA). People rest near rows of riot police officers during a protest in Mong Kok, Hong Kong on 27 October Reuters Hong Kong protesters out in force after months of turmoil: In pictures The People's Armed Police have been assembling in Shenzhen, a city bordering Hong Kong, in advance of apparent large-scale exercises, videos obtained by the Global Times have shown. Joel Wuthnow is a research fellow at the Center for the Study of Chinese Military Affairs at the National Defense University. “I’m aware that Hong Kong … — People's Daily, China (@PDChina) August 12, 2019. Under 2018 reforms, both the PAP and PLA are under the ultimate command of Chinese President Xi Jinping (習近平), who heads the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) Central Military Commission. Any intervention would be closely watched by Hong Kong and international media, and the use of lethal force in any case other than self-defense could result in widespread blame focused on Beijing. The People’s Armed Police, after all, is a constituent part of China’s armed forces (alongside active and reserve PLA units and the militia), and its personnel use equipment and wear uniforms that can be hard to distinguish from their PLA counterparts. Keep comments relevant to the article. The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong. 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