In this session, Laurie Ferry will explore Hattie’s model, provide example tasks and provide resources for where to find rich tasks for all K-12 math classrooms. They compare their ideas about the content and then, as an Expert Group, prepare a visual aid to use when they return to their Home Groups to teach. Whether it’s a different instructional strategy or a new tech tool, we want to know that what we are spending our time on is worthwhile and will accelerate learning and retention. Some Expert Groups might want to create a paper slide or a screencast or quick video, as well as the more common Google Drawing, PowerPoint, or graphic organizer. Interested in learning more about the jigsaw method and how it can accelerate student learning in your classroom? This builds in competition between groups and individual group peer pressure to perform at their highest level. Out of 130 learning factors, the Jigsaw method ranked 7th. What are the most effective teaching strategies? If you’ve been following TCEA for the past year, you’ll know that we have embraced the work of John Hattie to help us determine what truly works in education. There’s ... READ MORE, Diverse children’s books are good for all children. Provide the content to the students (more on what that can look like later) and allow them time to individually and silently study it. Remember, with TCEA, you’ve got this! “When done well, jigsaw is worth the time invested because students do, in fact, learn deeply through the method. & What They Mean • #1 - Collective Teacher Efficacy o Build up, support & loveyour teachers o PLC Model • #2 - Self-Reported Grades o Student-directed learning; student agency • #3 - Teacher-Estimates of Achievement Jigsaw has a 1.2 effect size according to John Hattie's research. document.write(''); THE JIGSAW METHOD. In 2018: 159,570 children and youth in BC were living in poor households. The Jigsaw Method, which has a fascinating history of development for class cohesion purposes in the 1970s, is one of the most effective strategies in the … When students feel they have reached a cognitive roadblock, they might just stop their thinking. “Hattie found that the average effect size of all the interventions he studied was 0.40.” (Source). In his ground-breaking study “ Visible Learning ” he ranked 138 influences that are related to learning outcomes from very positive effects to very negative effects. Have the students now move to meet with their Expert Groups. ... Jigsaw Method. That’s true validity. The Jigsaw Method. If I see that there is confusion about an idea, I can add clarifying content to the Site that they can access as we work. The Method . Research by John Hattie and Greg Donoghue indicates that it depends on a number of factors, including where students are in the learning cycle and what the purpose of the learning is. The jigsaw method is one of the most powerful learning strategies you can use as a classroom teacher or professional development provider. • Jigsaw Method. Cooperative learning strategy that effectively engages students and helps with comprehension of longer text. Divide students into groups. Get the latest TechNotes posts filled with the latest edtech resources and strategies delivered straight to your inbox. The jigsaw method is an effective way to increase student engagement through group work that facilitates peer-to-peer learning. In Jigsaw I, students are assessed individually and receive just one score. Jigsaw II is an alternative strategy, developed by Robert Slavin (1990). The Jigsaw Method. So we know that an effect size of 0.4 means an average year of growth/learning for a student. John Hattie has ranked hundreds of educational interventions in terms of their effects on student achievement. This may also help when you have a weak or struggling student who could use a little help. Explain to students that they will be working in different cooperative groups to learn content: a jigsaw or home group, made up of students who have read different texts, and expert group that all reads the same text. Research by John Hattie and Greg Donoghue indicates that it depends on a number of factors, including where students are in the learning cycle and what the purpose of the learning is. The jigsaw method does not appear in these HITs. var em3 = "decoda.ca" All of the content is posted on a Google Site for them to access, including text, websites, and video clips. For example, John Hattie's recent update to his list of influences on student learning indicates that the jigsaw approach has an effect size of 1.20. “It helps students collaborate and rely on one another.”. You can also encourage students to use technology to create their Expert presentation/notes. The method also has other benefits, including (source): The jigsaw method is based on the idea that students learn best when they have to teach others. var em2 = "@" They act as mirrors, windows, and sliding glass doors where children can see both themselves and the experiences of others.They can help to ... READ MORE, Did you know that there is a BC’s Office of the Human Rights Commissioner? Additional Reading. 10 Winter STEM Activities for Kids 21 Winter Science Experiments for Kids Must Try Winter STEM ... READ MORE, Do you know about child poverty in BC? Copyright © 2020 Decoda Literacy Solutions A legacy of Literacy BC and 2010 Legacies Now, How Do You Know When A Teaching Strategy Is Most Effective? (I don’t show them the corresponding emojis until after they’ve drawn their own.) But they also receive a second score that is the average of the group’s score. The Office began its work in September 2019 with a mandate to address root causes of inequality, discrimination ... READ MORE, Sign up to stay in touch with Decoda Literacy Solutions, var em1 = "info" The number of sections determines the size of the groups for the rest of the work as each student in a group takes responsibility for teaching one chunk to the rest of the group. Here are six places to find ideas for winter STEM activities, indoors and out: 10 Winter Science Activities! They do not trigger students with a hint of where to look or how to process a question or task. Hattie’s research is based on 25 years of work and more than 1,500 meta-analyses of 90,000 studies involving more than 300 million students. The jigsaw technique is a method of organizing classroom activity that makes students dependent on each other to succeed. Group members then take an individual test on the material, the results of which contribute to a team score. “The Jigsaw Method is a teaching strategy. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. As educators, we are always looking for the best ways to help our students learn. In this episode, we look at the Jigsaw Method in more depth. December 21, 2020 - Move Read All About Lit, STEM activities can be fun any time, but some are particularly suited to cold weather. That’s powerful! John Hattie’s Difficulty and Complexity Model clarifies what it means to provide rigor in math tasks. You're probably familiar with this method, which starts with 4, 5 or 6 students (we prefer 4) each learning a chunk of content. He discovered that the effect size for the Jigsaw method was very large (1.2). John Hattie has authored an exceptional work called Visible Learning: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Related to Achievement.He identifies the degree to which 138 educational strategies impact learning. But graphs can be manipulated in ways that distort the information. Before the process can begin, the teacher must first examine the content that the students are to learn and divide it up into manageable chunks. The jigsaw technique was developed and named in 1971 at the University of Texas, Austin by Elliot Aronson (more info) as a way for students in recently desegregated schools in Austin to interact in the classroom in a way that would reduce suspicion and distrust. In this issue I’m reviewing another of John Hattie’s top ten: The Jigsaw Method. This is where all of the students with the same chunk of material gather together to better master the content. Here’s an example I use when I am teaching people how to do the jigsaw (by jigsawing, of course). With Hattie now moving from recall of facts toward deeper learning and transfer of knowledge, i would be interested in how these are measured and the details of the studies he used. It was designed by social psychologist Elliot Aronson to help weaken racial cliques in forcibly integrated schools. This cooperative learning strategy increases student engagement, encourages collaboration, and results in better learning. Hattie used the data from multiple meta-analyses in order to get a "pooled estimate" or measure of an effect on student learning. Jigsaw activities are not a new innovation in education. Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from our team. Hattie in a Nutshell. t 604.681.4199 | f 604.681.3006. The jigsaw technique is a cooperative learning approach that reduces racial conflict among school children, promotes better learning, improves student motivation, and … Students are now individually assessed on all of the chunks to see if there are any gaps or misconceptions in the content learned. In their seminal review of learning research, first published as the book Visible Learning in 2008 and updated periodically in list form, John Hattie and Gregory Donoghue describe the jigsaw activity as having the “potential to considerably accelerate student achievement.” They noted that it was the only instructional strategy they looked at that worked across all four of the crucial “learning quadrants,” … John Hattie found the jigsaw method to have an effect size of 1.2. If you don’t have the right number of students to evenly divide the groups, you can assign two students in one group to the same chunk of content to be learned. The Jigsaw method is beneficial for students learning . Prompts simply activate students’ minds to help them go searching inside their own heads for information to help them apply to their learning. I would recommend you try it once a week in your classroom. The one teaching strategy that is identified as working for acquiring and consolidating surface and deep learning … One should consider Visible Learning as a primary source of information for where to start impacting learning within one's school district. Allow them to choose how they will share their learning; it’s more powerful that way. 59,000 poor children in BC were under the age of six. In their Home Groups, each person draws an emoji from laminated examples I set out and each emoji then corresponds to one chunk of the material. Dr. Hattie, he had listed and ranked all these different learning strategies or elements that had an effect on learning and come to find out jigsaw ranked extremely high, very powerful tool for the classroom. It is useful for organizing student group work,” says Jordan Catapano. Jigsaw is fun. 1 year ago A meta-analysis of the effects of face-to-face cooperative learning. For a year-at-a-glance view of the literacy events in 2020, look at the Literacy Calendar 2021. John Hattie even found that it was one of the only activities in his model that helped students acquire and consolidate both surface and deep knowledge. And please feel free to contact me with any questions about it or if you would like more information. Jigsaw is a cooperative learning strategy that enables each student of a "home" group to specialize in one aspect of a topic (for example, one group studies habitats of rainforest animals, another group studies predators of rainforest animals). Professor John Hattie’s landmark Visible Learning research concluded that effective feedback, combined with effective instruction, improves the rate of learning by a factor of 2! But they all work on it together to ensure that critical information about the content is included and is clear. Students now return to their original Home Groups where each student takes a turn presenting his/her chunk. To ensure that metacognition about the whole, and not just individual, expert learning, students meet one more time in their Expert Groups to discuss the whole content in light of their specific chunk of material. And, to learn more about Hattie and Donoghue’s learning model and their ideas around the skill, will and thrill, read How Do You Know When A Teaching Strategy Is Most Effective? What are the most effective teaching strategies? The process is as described above, with the exception that students in jigsaw groups read the entire assignment or all of the materials to acquire the information. It breaks classes into groups and breaks assignments into pieces that the group assembles to complete the (jigsaw) puzzle. Prompts do not give students additional information. The Jigsaw Classroom; Why Use Jigsaws Jigsaw works best if there are the same number of students in each group. Date posted: June 19, 2017. Prompts reboot their hunt for prior knowledge they alr… As with any learning process with independence and interdependence as the goals, effective use of the jigsaw technique begins with teacher modeling. 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In Jigsaw II, they still receive an individual score. BC’s child poverty rate ... READ MORE, What’s happening in literacy next year? 2 That's impressive, given that the average effect size in Hattie's database is.40, which equates to a year of learning for a year of school. John Hattie developed a way of synthesizing various influences in different meta-analyses according to their effect size (Cohen’s d). This can be for a grade or just for the teacher’s knowledge. Hattie’s Top Effect Sizes …. This shows a problem in an Educational authority deciding on what is important. Since 1971, thousands of classrooms have used jigsaw with great success. Despite their varied approaches and terminology, all agree on a number of powerful strategies. This strategy has an effect size of 1.20 and is near the top of the learning influences in Hattie’s research. Technology offers a powerful way to provide chunked content in this method. These strategies are reflected in this HITS In an ideal situation, there would be four, five, or six sections of material that must be studied. In this blog, we’ll look at one of the most powerful (and easy to implement) strategies that his research shows we should be using: the jigsaw method. Our Literacy Calendar has been updated. For example, he used sets of meta-analyses on the effect of vocabulary programs on student learning as well as sets of meta-analyses on the effect of preterm birth weight on student learning. Dr. Barbara Tewksbury of Hamilton College offers the following description of the jigsaw method: “Teams of students are assigned to investigate different aspects of the same problem or issue. If you’re interested in running a jigsaw activity in your classroom, follow this simple six-step guide: Step 1: Organize students into groups of 4-6. Interestingly, the only strategy that seemed to work in all four quadrants (acquiring surface, consolidating surface, acquiring deep, consolidating deep) was the jigsaw activity, which had a large effect size. They can then work through their content as they need to. In a nutshell, Hattie advises teachers to focus on: What you can control – there is no doubt that many factors can help or hinder students success at school. You can do this by having them count off or by drawing straws or even, once they’re familiar with the process, by letting the students pick the chunk they want to be responsible for. The other students listen carefully and should take notes or use a graphic organizer to jot down ideas. Join us for a free-to-members webinar on January 15, 2020 at 11:45 a.m. He examined all of the instructional practices that we use in education and rank ordered them based on their effect size. Questions are encouraged. It’s exactly the same as the Jigsaw I method listed above, but does add one step at the end regarding the assessment. Groups should be diverse and set by the teacher, at least while students are learning the process. We acknowledge the financial support of the Province of BC. For example, John Hattie’s recent update to his list of influences on student learning indicates that the jigsaw approach has an effect size of 1.20. While some of these factors are outside your control, focus on those one you can control or at least influence Provide the content to the students (more on what that can look like later) and allow them time to … HATTIE: 1.2 effect size USEFUL FOR: virtually all subjects. Learning to evaluate graphs is a media literacy skill. Assign one chunk of content to each person in the Home Group. These will be the Home Groups. Click here to learn more about this method. The visual aid can be notes, a graphic organizer, a drawing, a presentation, or anything they want. Potential to accelerate student achievement Likely to have positive impact on student achievement Likely to have small positive impact on student achievement Each The jigsaw classroom is a research-based cooperative learning technique invented and developed in the early 1970s by Elliot Aronson and his students at the University of Texas and the University of California. John Hattie Has An Idea. Teachers have been using the strategy for years because it blends independent work with the power of group work to extend learning. Jigsaw allows the teacher to drink coffee while the students teach the content. out a strategy that not only helped in the situation as it was but also has a huge effect size, which Dr. John Hattie had discovered. Jigsaw helps teachers cover more content in a shorter amount of time. The one teaching strategy that is identified as working for acquiring and consolidating surface and deep learning is the jigsaw method. The jigsaw method, however, has an effect size of 1.20, which means that if it’s done correctly and regularly, students will grow three years in the space of that one year. Dr. John Hattie conducted extensive metastudy analysis to include the Jigsaw Method. The jigsaw method (a form of peer learning automated by PeerLearning.net) ranks #7, far a. There’s also a Jigsaw III with time given for the Home Groups to review each other before the assessment and a Jigsaw IV where the teacher begins the unit of study by introducing the material (but not teaching all of it!). If you have a student who doesn’t seem to want to take ownership of his/her content, you can use the Jigsaw II method. READ MORE, We tend to trust graphs because they’re based on facts. I have four chunks of content for them to learn and so there are four people per group. 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Not trigger students with the power of group work that facilitates peer-to-peer.... `` pooled estimate '' or measure of an effect size 1.20 and is clear create., in fact, learn deeply through the method on one another. ” in. Done by Ference Marton, whose work is largely qualitative independent work with the power of group,. `` pooled estimate '' or measure of an effect size of 1.20 and is the. Resources and strategies delivered straight to your inbox on facts listen carefully and should take notes or use little!, what ’ s thinking on transfer is influenced by research done Ference! Worth the time invested because students do, in fact, learn deeply through the.! They can then work through their content as they need to are always looking for the next time I.. As they need to # 7, far a peer learning automated by PeerLearning.net ) #... Average year of growth/learning for a student five, or anything they want used the data from meta-analyses! If you would like more information please feel free to contact me with any learning process independence. Struggling student who could use a little help in more depth competition between groups and breaks assignments pieces. The method manipulated in ways that distort the information independence and interdependence as the goals, use... Through their content as they need to 2020, look at the jigsaw method a powerful way provide... Four, five, or six sections of material gather together to ensure that critical information about the jigsaw is! Literacy next year another of John Hattie conducted extensive metastudy analysis to include the jigsaw is. Within one 's school district individual score teacher ’ s an example I use when am... Financial support of the chunks to see if there are the same chunk of content for them learn... So we know that an effect size for the teacher to drink coffee while the students the... In ways that distort the information the goals, effective use of the practices... Effects of face-to-face cooperative learning strategy increases student jigsaw method hattie, encourages collaboration and. Read more, Diverse children ’ s top ten: the jigsaw method one... You can also encourage students to use technology to create their Expert presentation/notes ’ t show them the corresponding until! About it or if you would like more information activate students ’ minds to help them go inside! For acquiring and consolidating surface and deep learning is the jigsaw method does not in... A team score knowledge they alr… • jigsaw method ranked 7th students and...